Composting : A Comprehensive Guide

19
JANUARY, 2017
By Robyn at Holistica
Composting is a brilliant way to give back to the earth. If you consider the huge volume of landfills in the world it should be a primary concern for all of us to dispose of our waste responsibility.
Week after week we mindlessly put our rubbish bags on the pavement when we could so easily reduce the amount of waste to almost nothing. Here’s what you can compost, and a few pointers on how easy it can be.

LIST OF COMPOSTABLES

  • Cardboard, newspaper and clean paper
  • Coffee grounds
  • Crumbs, eggshells and nutshells
  • Cotton and wool rags
  • Dryer and vacuum lint
  • Flowers, leaves, plants and pine needles
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Hair and fur
  • Sawdust and wood chips
  • Tea bags
  • Grass and trimmings
  • Hay and straw
“Week after week we mindlessly put our rubbish bags on the pavement when we could so easily reduce the amount of waste to almost nothing.”

WHAT IS COMPOST?

Compost is organic matter that’s broken down into material used as plant fertiliser. It’s also called Gardener’s Gold or Black Gold. When you put a whole lot of organic matter together it attracts bacteria that create carbon dioxide and heat. This transforms waste into nutrient rich soil. Creepies and crawlies like worms, slugs and insects also digest the decomposing matter, turning it into compost as they eat and poop it out. Secretions from the worms and insects bind the small particles into bigger bits. This improves the texture of the compost.

HOW TO COMPOST:

1.You can compost on the open ground or you can compost in a big plastic, wooden or metal bin or container. If you’re doing it on the open ground, find an empty piece of ground in your garden. This will give access to the organisms so they can start their job.

2.Start throwing all your organic waste onto the pile. Make sure you have a good mixture of old food and leaves. If you shred your leaves you will get a much faster result. This will aerate the pile and allow for quicker decomposition.

3.Add some nitrogen. Hay and kitchen scraps are good sources of nitrogen and manure is the best. If you layer your nitrogen source with your leaves and garden waste you will get a great result.

4.Turn your compost every three days to give it more air.

Plastic is a huge global problem at the moment – check out this related article on plastic waste solutions.
Women in Sustainability: Meet our Head of Programmes, Zoë Gauld-Angelucci

Women in Sustainability: Meet our Head of Programmes, Zoë Gauld-Angelucci

For this year’s Women’s Day in South Africa, we want to introduce a woman in sustainability who inspires us daily. After earning a Master’s degree in Development Studies, she joined Greenpop in 2014. When she is not heading up programmes across Sub-Saharan Africa, you can find her spending time with her family, tending to her garden, practising Italian, and searching for the best pizza in the Mother City. Get to know Zoë Gauld-Angelucci!

15 Things You Can Do To Make A Difference On World Environment Day

15 Things You Can Do To Make A Difference On World Environment Day

World Environment Day is organized by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and has been held annually since 1974. The goal of the day of action is to promote environmental awareness and draw attention to crucial concerns around our planet’s survival, that require active engagement and commitment. Today, the day represents one of the largest global platforms for environmental action, with millions of participants from around the world. Each World Environment Day focuses on a specific issue that reflects urgent problems and challenges of our time, such as climate change, biodiversity loss or pollution.

Greenpop Foundation NPC is a registered non-profit organisation. Registration Number (NPO): 151-411 NPO.

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