A Guide to Composting



By Robyn at Holistica

Composting is a brilliant way to give back to the earth. If you consider the huge volume of landfills in the world it should be a primary concern for all of us to dispose of our waste responsibility.

Week after week we mindlessly put our rubbish bags on the pavement when we could so easily reduce the amount of waste to almost nothing. Here’s what you can compost, and a few pointers on how easy it can be.


  • Cardboard, newspaper and clean paper
  • Coffee grounds
  • Crumbs, eggshells and nutshells
  • Cotton and wool rags
  • Dryer and vacuum lint
  • Flowers, leaves, plants and pine needles
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Hair and fur
  • Sawdust and wood chips
  • Tea bags
  • Grass and trimmings
  • Hay and straw

“Week after week we mindlessly put our rubbish bags on the pavement when we could so easily reduce the amount of waste to almost nothing.”


Compost is organic matter that’s broken down into material used as plant fertiliser. It’s also called Gardener’s Gold or Black Gold. When you put a whole lot of organic matter together it attracts bacteria that create carbon dioxide and heat. This transforms waste into nutrient rich soil. Creepies and crawlies like worms, slugs and insects also digest the decomposing matter, turning it into compost as they eat and poop it out. Secretions from the worms and insects bind the small particles into bigger bits. This improves the texture of the compost.


1.You can compost on the open ground or you can compost in a big plastic, wooden or metal bin or container. If you’re doing it on the open ground, find an empty piece of ground in your garden. This will give access to the organisms so they can start their job.

2.Start throwing all your organic waste onto the pile. Make sure you have a good mixture of old food and leaves. If you shred your leaves you will get a much faster result. This will aerate the pile and allow for quicker decomposition.

3.Add some nitrogen. Hay and kitchen scraps are good sources of nitrogen and manure is the best. If you layer your nitrogen source with your leaves and garden waste you will get a great result.

4.Turn your compost every three days to give it more air.

Plastic is a huge global problem at the moment – check out this related article on plastic waste solutions.

Can Art Play A Role For The Environment?

Can art play a role for the environment? 14 AUGUST, 2017 By Justine Stewart In a world that is ever-changing and that needs a great shift in people’s behaviour, what is the best way to communicate that need for change? Does (or can) art play a role in the...

Top 10 Tips for Greening your Camping Trip

Top 10 tips for greening your camping trip! 11 AUGUST, 2017 By Justine Stewart with Zachary Astran Leaving the city behind for the great outdoors and reconnecting with nature is always good for the soul, but it doesn’t necessarily mean it is always good for the...

The Wonders Of The Moringa Tree

The Wonders Of The Moringa Tree 11 AUGUST, 2017 By Matthew Koehorst Moringa Oliefera is a tree native to the Southern foothills of the Himalayas that has been widely cultivated and used in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe. Moringa is often referred to...

Greenpop Foundation NPC is a registered non-profit organisation. Registration Number (NPO): 151-411 NPO.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share The Love

Share this post with your friends!

Subscribe to our newsletter

for people who want to change their world.

Every two weeks, you will receive our compilation of fresh green news and ways to get active (not anxious) for the environment. And, every so often, we will send you invitations to our awesome green events. We hope you dig it! 

You have Successfully Subscribed!